From Jesus to Christ
From Jesus to Christ
Rudolf Steiner Archive Document
In these lectures, Steiner shows how the Mystery of Golgotha can
be seen as the pivotal event of human history, and the Gospels as
initiation documents that can help us on a path of spiritual development.
He demonstrates how the religious streams of Zarathustra and Buddha helped
prepare the way for the events of Palestine. Steiner's emphasis is on
rediscovering the esoteric path to Christ and of awakening to the new
revelation breaking through in our time: Christ as the Lord of Karma.
This book contains many of Steiner's fundamental ideas concerning Christ
and should be considered as a foundation for an understanding of
By Rudolf Steiner
Copyright © 1973
This book contains many of Steiner's fundamental ideas concerning
Christ and should be considered as a foundation for an understanding of
Translated by H. Collison from shorthand notes unrevised by the lecturer.
In the Complete Edition of the works of Rudolf Steiner, the original German
text is published under the title Von Jesus zu Christus
[Bib. No 131].
This English edition was revised by Charles Davy, and is presented here
with the kind permission of the Rudolf Steiner Nachlassverwaltung,
This e.Text edition is provided with the cooperation of:
The Rudolf Steiner Press
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Thanks to an anonymous donation, this lecture series is now available.
| ||Cover Sheet
|Synopsis of Contents
|Lecture I: ||Jesuit and Rosicrucian Training
||October 05, 1911|
Introductory. Two currents of religious thought in recent centuries, Jesuitism
and Rosicrucianism. In Jesuitism an exaggeration of the Jesus-principle;
in Rosicrucianism a careful preservation of the Christ-principle.
Cognition. Conscious soul-life; subconscious soul-life; unknown life
in Nature, and in man as part of Nature. The corresponding triad —
Spirit, Son and Father. The three domains of the soul —
Ideation, Feeling and Will. The inviolable sanctuary of the Will. In
Rosicrucian Initiation the Will is affected only through cognition.
Jesuit training works directly upon the Will. Outline of Jesuit
|Lecture II: ||Rosicrucian Training and Anthroposophical Training
||October 06, 1911|
Rosicrucian Initiation, originating in the thirteenth century and developed
later, to be carefully distinguished from Theosophy (Anthroposophy),
which recognises the ideas of reincarnation and karma. Appearance in
Europe of the idea of reincarnation in eighteenth and nineteenth
centuries. Lessing's Education of the Human Race. His approach to the
idea of reincarnation contrasted with the Buddhist view. Initiation
in the twentieth century, like Rosicrucian Initiation, holds the
human Will as sacred. Importance of self-training, moral and mental;
effect of exercises. Contrast between Imaginations of Gospel scenes
attained in freedom, and Imaginations experienced under constraint,
as in the Jesuit system.
|Lecture III: ||Sources of Knowledge of Christ, Lord of Karma
||October 07, 1911|
Two sources for knowledge of Christ always accessible to non-clairvoyant man:
(a) the Gospels. (b) communications by clairvoyant teachers. A third source
is dealt with later in this lecture. In the twentieth century a
supersensible event takes place: Christ becomes the Lord of Karma.
Opinions regarding Christ to be corrected by facts. Why Jesus of
Nazareth may not be regarded as an Adept. Zarathustra and the Matthew
Jesus-child. Descent of the Christ-Being into Jesus of Nazareth.
Contrast with the life-experience of a true Adept, Apollonius of
Tyana. The Fall of Man and its counterpoise. What if Christ had not
entered into human evolution? Views of the philosophers Pascal and
Soloviev. Faith through self-knowledge, the third source for exoteric
knowledge of Christ.
|Lecture IV: ||Experiencing the Christ Impulse, Jerome and the Gospel of St. Matthew
||October 08, 1911|
The three ways of experiencing the Christ-Impulse, recalled. From the
twentieth century onwards faith will be replaced, for an increasing number
of persons, by direct vision of Christ. Historical Christianity and the
Christ Event. Views of Justin Martyr and Augustine. Effect of the Act of
Golgotha upon the atmosphere of the earth. Reverent awe of early
Christian writers. Patience and humility must characterise the
attitude of the seeker after spiritual truth. Importance of a new
revision of the Gospels, corrected through reading the Akashic
Record. Examples of errors in the authorised translations; Jerome and
the Matthew Gospel; consequent misunderstanding of the principles of
|Lecture V: ||Redemption of the Physical Body
||October 09, 1911|
Much to be learnt before the meaning of the Christ-Impulse can be grasped.
Simplicity in the expression of the deepest truths comes from deepest
knowledge and longest experience. The-fourfold nature of man; what happens
after death to the three sheaths of the Ego. Does the physical body
pass away entirely? Answer given by human consciousness at three
different epochs of history — Greek, Buddhist, Ancient Hebrew.
Redemption of the physical body foreseen by Job.
|Lecture VI: ||St. John and St. Paul, First Adam and Second Adam
||October 10, 1911|
Examples of simplest expression of highest truths in writings of John the
Apostle and Paul. The Resurrection; modern scientific opinion. Passages
from Paul and John examined. Paul and the Event of Damascus. ‘The Risen
One’. The ‘first Adam’ and the ‘second Adam’;
the physical body and the spiritual body; the primal Form or Phantom
of the physical body; Luciferic interference. The physical body of
Jesus of Nazareth, the bearer of the Christ-Being.
|Lecture VII: ||The Mystery of Golgotha, Greek, Hebrew and Buddhist Thought
||October 11, 1911|
Theosophical ideas have been inadequate, so far, for understanding the
Mystery of Golgotha. The three streams of thought recalled — Greek,
Buddhist, Hebrew. The Ego in man and the Christ-Being in Jesus of
Nazareth. Development of Ego-consciousness in man; the physical body
the mirror for thought. Degeneration through Luciferic influence of
the physical body, and of the Phantom; the consequences for the
intellect and for the Ego-consciousness which was becoming
progressively enfeebled up to the time of the Mystery of Golgotha.
The perfect Phantom, risen from the grave, multiplies itself like a
physical cell and becomes the spiritual body in man. The Mystery of
Golgotha the rescue of the Ego-consciousness.
|Lecture VIII: ||The Two Jesus Children, Zoroaster and Buddha
||October 12, 1911|
Distinguishing characteristics of the two Jesus-children. Zarathustra and
Buddha. The human Ego and the Ego of the Nathan-child. Union of the Ego of
Zarathustra with the Nathan-Jesus, from twelfth to thirtieth year.
Effects of the presence of the Christ-Being, after the Baptism, upon
the Phantom of the physical body of the Nathan-Jesus.
|Lecture IX: ||The Exoteric Path to Christ
||October 13, 1911|
The exoteric path to Christ lost under increasing materialism during
nineteenth century, though new signs appear in eighteenth and early
nineteenth: Oetinger and Rothe. The objective reality of thought could
not be grasped; connection of man with the Macrocosm was lost. Highest
human ideals were regarded as purely subjective. But there could still
be an intuitive feeling that sin was an objective fact and called for
an objective act of Redemption. In the Holy Communion — matter
interpenetrated with spirit — men found, and can still find,
union with Christ.
|Lecture X: ||The Esoteric Path to Christ
||October 14, 1911|
The esoteric path to Christ was the path of the Evangelists; the Gospels
are written from clairvoyant knowledge. The stages of Christian Initiation.
The Appearance of Christ as Lord of Karma a super-sensible event, not an
event on the physical plane; relation of individual karma to Earth
karma. Importance of preparing oneself during earthly life for the
encounter with Christ as Lord of Karma after death. Future teachings:
human speech will acquire magical power: the utterance of a moral
principle will become a moral impulse in those who hear it. The
Bodhisattva of the twentieth century. The Maitreya Buddha, 3,000
years hence, will be a bringer of the Good through the Word. The
|Inside Dust Jacket