V. Medical Research.
and pharmaceutical research has been carried on for a number of years by
medical practitioners and scientific chemists on the lines indicated
by the Anthroposophical Science of man and of his relation to the
surrounding world. The successful and promising work which was thus
begun by individual workers, has recently taken shape through the
following institutions. A considerable impetus was given through Dr.
Rudolf Steiner's courses of lectures to medical men at the Goetheanum,
Dornach, in the spring of 1920 and 1921. (See above, under IV; see also
the article by Dr. E. Kolisko in this book.)
- The Arlesheim Clinical and Therapeutical Institute
(Dr. Ita Wegmann), Arlesheim near Basle, Switzerland. The following
is an extract from the Prospectus: —
“The Institute originated from a perception that the medical
science of the present day needs to be placed upon a broader and deeper
foundation of anthroposophical science. ... Anthroposophical science
does not start in dilettante ignorance of all that has been done
before it. Far from disregarding the results of physiology and
anatomy, it does full justice to all that these sciences have already
achieved. But it goes beyond them in its methods and aims. —
Practical pathological knowledge is very considerably enlarged, and
the possibilities of therapeutical treatment materially extended.
The treatment of patients in this institute is in no way contrary
to modern medical theory and practice. It is an extension
of them. — We do not go in for unique and exclusive methods
of treatment ... We aim at all-roundedness, both in diagnosis and
clinical practice. Due attention is paid to the psychic constitution
of the patient, — his way of thinking, his feeling, his will,
— without for one moment forgetting, that diseases have their
seat in the physical organism. There is nothing hazy or mystical
about anthroposophical science. Its methods are directed at arriving
at a profounder knowledge of the physical human being, his nervous
and sensory system, his rhythmic system, and the whole process of
chemical changes throughout the body. Research along these lines
results not only in a qualitative acquaintance with individual
drugs, but also in a knowledge of the quantities proper in the
individual case, — when, for instance, to administer minimal
doses, as in homoeopathy, or when a drug must be used in larger bulk,
as in allopathy. In addition to the old and recognised remedies, also
in use, certain new and specific ones are employed, which were
brought to light by anthroposophical research, and have been tested
in clinical practice. Treatment of patients is further carried on by
means of Rest-, Light-, and Sun-Cures, ... Hydro- and
Electro-Therapeutics, Psychotherapeutics (in a rational form and
extent), Medical Eurhythmy ...” The Clinic is of course, from its
whole idea, in close connection with the School of Spiritual Science
(Anthroposophy), the Goetheanum at Dornach.
- The Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research Laboratory and
Manufactory of the Futurum Co., Ltd., at Arlesheim near Basle,
Switzerland. (See below, under VI.)
- The Clinical and. Therapeutical Institute “Der
Kommende Tag,” Stuttgart, Gänsheidestrasse 88,
(see below, under VI). The aims and methods of this Institute are
identical with those of the Arlesheim Institute described above.
A staff of 5 Doctors is attached to the Clinic. Adjoining it, there
is a large, up-to-date and well-appointed Pharmaceutical Research
Laboratory, where Doctors (in constant communication and consultation
with their colleagues in the Clinic and outside) are working at the
elaboration of medicaments on the lines suggested by Spiritual
Science. An effort is thus being made to restore the living contact,
so largely lost in recent times, between the Doctor and the
Medicaments he uses.
- The Chemical Works
at Schwäbisch Gmünd, Württemburg, (see below,
under VI). Manufacturing Department for the Clinical and
Therapeutical Institute. Medicaments suitable for manufacture
on a large scale are here prepared on the lines indicated by
research work at the Institute.
remarkably full list of ready-prepared medicaments has been issued in
the form of a vademecum for the use of Doctors. It indicates in
each case the general nature of the Medicament, and gives exact particulars
as to Diagnosis, Dose, and Method of Application. Obtainable by Doctors
free of charge from the Arlesheim Clinical and Therapeutical Institute,
Arlesheim, near Basle, Switzerland. (The same applies to the medicaments
in experimental quantities.)
Other Scientific Research.
Institute for Scientific (Physical, Chemical and Biological)
Research. Founded at Stuttgart, in 1921, by the Kommende
Tag Company (see below, under VI). New and up-to-date
laboratories have recently been fitted. Experienced chemists,
physicists, technicians and biologists are working on the lines
suggested by Spiritual Science, which tends to overcome the
abstraction of the inorganic sciences from the sciences of the world
of life and consciousness. Cf. the following:
Scientific Lecture Courses by Dr. Rudolf Steiner. (Bibliography,
Lectures by Dr. E. Kolisko on “Chemistry and Physiology as
Complementary Sciences,” also other Lectures and Essays
mentioned in the Bibliography under 226, 233, 284, 294.
Scientific Lectures at the first Anthroposophical University
Course, Goetheanum, Autumn 1920, — especially the
following: Dr. H. v. Baravalle:
“Fundamental Problems of Physics in the Light of
Dr. E. Kolisko:
“Chemistry without Hypotheses, in the Sense of Spiritual
Shortly to be published in one volume by the Kommende Tag
Publishing House, Stuttgart.
and Industrial Research. Engineers and Technicians
who attended the Public Congress of the Anthroposophical Movement at
Stuttgart in September, 1921 (see above under IV.) held several
conferences to consider the wider — social, cultural and
economic — aspects of their profession. As a result, definite
working groups were formed, with the object of encouraging and
co-ordinating investigation of the following:
efficient and socially beneficial use of Heat-Energy.
Science of Industry in general.
Personal efficiency. The best use of professional talents and
skill in craftsmanship.
Educational questions. Schools of Technology and their
connection with industrial life.
Handicrafts. Artistic development of industry.
Questions judicial and economic.