TO THE FIRST EDITION
Cf. Jessen: Botanik, der Gegenwart und Vorzeit, p. 459.
Ibid., p. 343.
Ibid., p. 332.
Johannes Volkelt: Immanuel Kants Erkenntnistheorie. Leipzig, 1879.
Johannes Volkelt: Erfahrung und Denken. Kritische Grundlegung der
Erkenntnistheorie. Hamburg and Leipzig, 1886.
Kants Erkenntnistheorie, p. 168 f.
Cf. Volkelt: Erfahrung und Denken, p. 4.
Cf. Goethe: Dichtung und Wahrheit. XXII. 24 f.
J. H. von Kirchmann says, indeed, in his Lehre vom Wissen
that cognition is the flowing of the external world into our
Conceived as a spiritual capacity of man.
It is interesting that Goethe wrote a second paper in which he
pursued further the thoughts of that one in regard to the
experiment. We can reconstruct the paper from Schiller's letter
of January 19, 1798. Goethe there divided the methods of
science into general empiricism, which limits itself to the
external phenomena, that which is given to the senses;
rationalism, which constructs systems of thought on the bases
of insufficient observation, and which, therefore, instead of
grouping facts according to their essential nature, first
cleverly devises the interconnections artificially and then
out of this connection introduces something fantastic into
the factual world; and finally rational empiricism, which
does not limit itself to general experience, but creates
conditions under which experience discloses its essential
“Haeckel: Die Naturanschauung von Darwin, Lamark, und Haeckel.
1882, p. 53.
Omitted from the new edition.
(See Notes to the New Edition, 1924, page 119)