for the Texts.
lectures were taken down in shorthand by the professional
stenographer Helene Finckh, who since 1916 took down the
lectures at the behest of Rudolf Steiner and transferred them
into longhand, upon which the print is based. The original
shorthand versions still exist and were consulted for single
The Central Question of Economic Life
Kristiania, 30th November l92l 233
Class struggle and added value. Bismarck and Robespierre.
Production becomes more collective. The individual nature of
consumption. The “Three-folding of the social
organism”. Socialism. Sharing of work. Karl Marx.
Spiritual life, economic life. Merchandize on the one hand,
land and capital on the other hand. Gold currency. Collective
decision through formation of economic associations. Life of
rights. The three-fold human being. The just price. Harmonizing
of interests. Administration of capital, regulation of labour.
Translated by Luise M. Boeddinghaus