Gottlieb Fichte, 1762–1814, German philosopher.
In Fichte, Die
Bestimmung des Menschen (“The Vocation of Man”),
vol. 3, section III, Berlin 1800.
Fichte gave these lectures
in Berlin in the winter of 1807/08.
Fichte, “On the
Publication of Same,” from the foreword to Die Anweisungen
zum seligen Leben, Berlin 1806.
“Understanding the Spiritual World (I),” lecture of
April 18, 1914,
in this volume.
Four Mystery Plays, (London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1982). The four
Mystery Dramas were premiered m Munich between 1910 an 1913 under
Steiner here refers to the
actress Maria von Strauch-Spettini, 1847–1904. See Hella
Wiesberger's short biography of Maria von Strauch-Spettini and her
letters to Marie von Sivers in Aus dem Leben von Marie
Steiner-von Sivers, Dornach 1956, p. 15ff.
Steiner here refers to
Christian Morgenstern, May 6, 1871 – March 31, 1914. German
poet, wrote lyrical verse as well as grotesque and nonsense verse.
Also translated works of Ibsen, Strindberg, and Hamsun.
Morgenstern, Wir fanden
einen Pfad. (“We Found a Path”), first published by
Piper Verlag, Munich, in autumn of 1914.
This lecture was given on
December 31, 1913, as part of the lecture cycle
Christ and the Spiritual World: The Search for the Holy Grail
(London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1963) at which Morgenstern was present.
Rudolf Steiner's comments are in Die Kunst der Rezitation und
Deklamation, volume 281 in the Collected Works, (Dornach,
Switzerland: Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1967), pp. 208–210.
Background to the Gospel of St. Mark,
(London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1968), Lecture Six, pp. 96–113.
Italian painter. Leonardo da Vinci, 1452–1519, Italian
on the construction of the first Goetheanum in Dornach. Started in
1913, it was destroyed by arson on New Year's Eve 1922/23.
B.C. Persian religious leader. Buddha, Siddharta Gautama, 563–483
B.C. Founder of Buddhism. Krishna, Indian deity, appears in
Bhagavad-Gita as teacher of Arjuna.
“Homunkulus,” public lecture, Berlin, March 26, 1914, in
Geisteswissenschaft als Lebensgut, vol. 63 in the Collected
Works, (Dornach, Switzerland: Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1959).
See Rudolf Steiner,
Die Welt des Geistes und ihr Hereinragen in das physische Dasein,
Vol. 150 in the Collected Works, (Dornach,
Switzerland: Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1972), lecture of May 5, 1913.
There are no transcripts of the lectures of May 4 and 9, 1913, in
French writer. His play
Children of Lucifer
was performed in German in Munich on August 22, 1909, under Rudolf
Steiner's direction. See Steiner
The East in the Light of the West
Children of Lucifer,
both in one volume, (Blauvelt NY: Spiritual Science Library, 1986).
Joan of Arc, 1412–1431,
French national heroine and saint.
Due to complications and
delays caused by World War I (1914–1918), the building neared
completion only in 1920. The inauguration ceremony never took place
because of the fire that destroyed the Goetheanum. A “provisional
inauguration” took place on September 26, 1920, on the eve of
the first event held in the building, the “first
anthroposophical academic course,” which lasted from September
27 to October 16, 1920.
Vorstufen zum Mysterium von Golgotha,
Vol. 152 in the Collected Works, (Dornach, Switzerland: Rudolf Steiner
Verlag, 1964), Lecture of May 27, 1914.
the beginning of this lecture, Rudolf Steiner apologized for giving
the lecture in German rather than French. His comments were not
1473–1543, Polish astronomer. Made astronomical observations
of orbits of sun, moon, and planets. Gradually abandoned accepted
Ptolemaic system of astronomy and worked out heliocentric system.
Galilei, 1564–1642, Italian astronomer and physicist.
Advocated Copernican system. Instrumental in laying foundations of
Giordano Bruno, 1548–1600,
Italian philosopher. A critic of Aristotelian logic and defender of
Copernican cosmology, which he extended with notion of infinite
universe. Arrested and burned at the stake by the Inquisition.
Steiner here refers to his
investigation of events in the fourth century on the basis of
spiritual science. He presented his insights in a lecture on May 9,
1914 (“Words of Remembrance for Oda Waller”) in
vol. 261 in the Collected Works, (Dornach, Switzerland:
Rudolf Steiner Verlag, 1963); lecture on May 26, 1914 (Chapter Four,
in this volume); lecture of March 23, 1921, in
Naturbeobachtung, Mathematik, wissenschaftliches Experiment und
Erkenntnisergebnisse vom Gesichtpunkt der Anthroposophie, vol. 324
in the Collected Works, (Dornach, Switzerland: Rudolf Steiner Verlag,
1972). He also mentioned these investigations and their results in his
lecture on August 31, 1923, in
The Evolution of Consciousness,
(London: Pharos Books, 1979); and in his lecture on April 5, 1924, in
vol. 5, (London: Rudolf Steiner Press, 1966).
Steiner here refers to Oda
Waller, sister of Mieta Pyle-Waller (who took the role of Johannes
Thomasius in the Mystery Drama performances in Munich). See also his
lecture of May 9, 1914, in
Oda Waller died in March 1913.
of April 16, 1914, entitled “Wie findet die Menschenseele ihre
wahre Wesenheit?” (“How Can the Human Soul Find Its True
1823–1900, German orientalist, linguist, and religious
scholar, professor of philology at Oxford. Literally: “A
change is to take place, a transformation of such magnitude that
even if angels came down and announce it, we would understand it as
little as an infant would understand what we told it about the world
in our language,” in
Leben und Religion
(“Life and Religion”), Stuttgart, n.y.
Austrian poet and novelist. Hans Brandstetter, 1854–1925,
Austrian sculptor. Robert Hamerling,
pseudonym of Rupert Hammerling 1830–1889, Austrian poet. Best
known for his epics Ahasverus in Rom 1865 and Homunculus (1888).
Hamerling's last poem; written in the Stiftin House on June 18,
1889, three weeks before his death. In
Letzte Grüsse aus Stiftinghaus,
Hamerlings Sämtliche Werke
(Hamerling's Collected Works), Leipzig 1893, 16 volumes, edited by
Michael Rabenlechner, vol. 15, p. 90.
“The Pessimist” in
Letzte Grüsse aus Stiftinghaus,
p. 91. Translator's note. The final syllable of the German word
“Pessimist” (mist) means “dung”
Letter of June 11, 1888, in Peter Rosegger,
Persönliche Erinnerungen an Robert Hamerling,
Vienna 1891, p. 177.
work, published in 1891.
The Waldviertel is a
region in northwestern Lower Austria.
Robert Hamerling, “Die
schönste Gegend der Erde,” vol. 16 in his Collected
Works, p. 134, and “Stationen meiner Lebenspilgerschaft,”
same volume, p. 17.
1575–1624. German mystic. He was first a shoemaker, then had a
mystical experience in 1600.
meiner Lebenspilgerschaft,” p. 17.
Lebenspilgerschaft”, p. 45.
“People still have
the bad habit of asking me what I want to become — well, a
human being!” from “Lehrjahre der Liebe,” in
Tagebuchblätter und Briefe
(Diaries and Letters), entry
of April 13, 1851. Volume 14 in Hamerling's Collected Works.
Greeks called the universe ‘beauty’ (cosmos).” In
Atomtstik des Willens,
Hamburg 1891, vol. 11, p. 226.
Letzte Grüsse aus Stiftinghaus,
vol. 15 in Hamerling's Collected Works, pp. 34–35.