Marie von Sivers (sometimes spelled Sievers) was born on
March 14th 1867 of an aristocratic family in Włocławek,
Poland, then part of Russia. She was well-educated and was fluent
in Russian, German, English, French and Italian. She studied theater
and recitation with several teachers in Europe.
Marie Steiner-von Sivers was the second wife of Rudolf Steiner and
one of his closest colleagues. She made a great contribution to the
development of anthroposophy, particularly in her work on the renewal
of the performing arts (eurythmy, speech and drama), and the editing
and publishing of Rudolf Steiner's literary estate.
Starting in 1912, the art of eurythmy was developed by Rudolf Steiner.
Under Marie Steiner-von Sivers' guidance, it developed in three
directions, as a stage art, as an integral part of Waldorf pedagogy,
and as a therapeutic method. Under her tutelage, two schools of
eurythmy were founded, in Berlin and in Dornach, Switzerland.
Marie von Sivers was trained in recitation and elocution and made
a study of purely artistic speaking. She gave introductory poetry
recitals at Steiner's lectures and assisted him in the development
of the four Mystery Dramas (1910–1913). With her help, Steiner
conducted several speech and drama courses with the aim of raising
these forms to the level of true art.
Ms Steiner died on December 27th 1948.